Located in the southwest corner of the state of Pennsylvania, the city of Pittsburgh is positioned atop the Allegheny Plateau and first became an economic power in the mid-1800s. The credit for the boom goes to Scottish immigrant Andrew Carnegie and many others who contributed to the city’s manufacturing industries. In the early 1980s, as production began to move overseas, the city faced a major downturn. Refusing to give in, Pittsburgh began to restructure its economy throughout the 1990s by shaking off its smoky image and moving towards healthcare, education, research, technology and tourism.
But the image continued to resonate in the minds of many, so much so that when the city was selected to host the 2009 G20 summit, the jabs and jokes that made the rounds were not very flattering. But Pittsburgh had the last laugh because world economic leaders found a clean city sporting high-tech, energy and bio-science organizations, companies like Google and RAND and of course, the sprawling campuses of world renowned colleges like Carnegie Mellon and University of Pittsburgh.